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Μια νέα έρευνα για τη Χαμένη Ατλαντίδα!...
Διαβάστε τι υποστηρίζει ο ιστορικός ερευνητής και ομογενής μας στην Αυστραλία κ. Διαμαντής Πάστρας, ο οποίος ισχυρίζεται ότι η Χαμένη Ατλαντίδα βρίσκεται στο Αιγαίο!.. Αξίζει τον κόπο να διαβάσουμε πού ακριβώς εστιάζει τον χώρο ο εν λόγω ερευνητής και ποια επιχειρήματα χρησιμοποιεί προς απόδειξη των ισχυρισμών του!..
ΤΟΝ αξιότιμο κ Διαμαντή Πάστρα δεν τον γνωρίζω προσωπικά. Με πήρε στο τηλέφωνο να με ενημερώσει για μία αξιόλογη εργασία του την οποία, χωρίς χρονοτριβή, σπεύδω να δημοσιοποιήσω.
Οφείλω να ομολογήσω ότι τα επιχειρήματα του ως άνω ερευνητή είναι πολύ ενδιαφέροντα. Και τεκμηριώνει τις απόψεις του με τους ισχυρισμούς διαφόρων πανεπιστημιακών δασκάλων καθώς και με αρκετά βιβλιογραφικά στοιχεία, τα οποία εστιάζουν την Χαμένη Ατλαντίδα στο χώρο του Αιγαίου και ιδίως μετά τον κατακλυσμό που έγινε περίπου το 1500 π.Χ. και «σάρωσε» τα πάντα μέχρι τη Μινωϊκή Κρήτη. (Προφανώς ο κατακλυσμός αυτός συνδέεται με την έκρηξη του ηφαιστείου της Σαντορίνης, που γκρέμισε έναν ολόκληρο πολιτισμό).
Η Μινωϊκή έπαυλη στην Αμνισό.
Ο κ. Διαμαντής Πάστρας ελέγχει πολλά ιστορικά στοιχεία, ακόμη και τοιχογραφίες που υπάρχουν στην Κρήτη, όπως στη Μινωϊκή Βίλα στην Αμνισό.
Για όσους δεν γνωρίζουν, θα πρέπει να πούμε ότι οι αρχαιολόγοι έχουν ανακαλύψει μία διώροφη μινωική έπαυλη, του 1600 π.Χ., στους ανατολικούς πρόποδες του λόφου στην Αμνισό. Υπέροχες τοιχογραφίες από αυτή την έπαυλη, συμπεριλαμβανομένων και των περίφημων τοιχογραφιών με τα κρίνα, εκτίθενται στο Μουσείο Ηρακλείου. Κατά τη διάρκεια των ανασκαφών, γύρω στα 1930, ο αρχαιολόγος Μαρινάτος υποστήριξε τη θεωρία ότι η καταστροφή των μινωικών παλατιών οφειλόταν στην έκρηξη του ηφαιστείου της Σαντορίνης. Η θεωρία αυτή βασίστηκε στην ανακάλυψη κομματιών ελαφρόπετρας στην Αμνισό.
Μετά από αυτήν την παρένθεση να πούμε, ότι ο κ. Διαμαντής Πάστρας δίνει τη δική του ερμηνεία για την βίλα στην Αμνισό και ανατρέχει στον «Τίμαιο» και τον «Κριτία» του Πλάτωνα, που μιλάει για το Ναό του Ποσειδώνος, που βρισκόταν στην Ατλαντίδα, αλλά και για τους κατοίκους της περιοχής που ζούσαν εκεί πολλές γενεές, πράγμα που αποδεικνύει το γεγονός της Χαμένης Ατλαντίδος η οποία, κατά τους ισχυρισμούς του, ήταν αναντίρρητα στο Αιγαίο. Πέραν αυτών, ο ως άνω ερευνητής, δίνει και άλλες ερμηνείες, όπως του μύθου του Φαέθωνα, αλλά και τις μεταμορφώσεις του Οβιδίου, ενώ οι εικόνες που περιγράφει για το χώρο αυτό είναι πολύ ζωηρές και εντυπωσιακές.
Με την ευκαιρία να πούμε ότι ο κ. Διαμαντής Πάστρας δίνει έμφαση στο Ναό του Ποσειδώνος που βρισκόταν στην Ατλαντίδα (επικαλυμμένος με άργυρο, γυαλισμένος με ελαφαντόδοντο στην οροφή και πολλά άλλα), αλλά και τα διάφορα μεταλλεύματα που δεν υπήρχαν πουθενά αλλού, παρά μονάχα στο Αιγαίο!
Αλλά και οι Νηρηίδες έχουν την δική τους συμβολική σημασία στη μελέτη του κ. Πάστρα, ενώ δίνει ακόμη και το γεωγραφικό στίγμα της περιοχής με διάφορες «προσχωρήσεις» του ενός εδάφους με το άλλο (π.χ. Μ. Ασίας και σημερινής Ελλάδος ή άλλων περιοχών του ελλαδικού χώρου, με τις καθιζήσεις που επέφερε το διάβα του χρόνου κλπ).
Ακόμη και μια ματιά στην Αστυπάλαια ή τα νησιά των Κυκλάδων, όπως είναι διαμορφωμένα, έχουν την δική τους εξήγηση σύμφωνα με τον παραπάνω ερευνητή, ενώ δεν θεωρεί καθόλου τυχαίες τις αναφορές στην αιγυπτιακή Βίβλο των Ψυχών, σε σχέση με αυτά που αναφέρονται στον Τϊμαιο και τον Κριτία.
Ας δούμε, όμως, τι άλλο αναφέρει ο κ. Διαμαντής Πάστρας στην περισπούδαστη και πολύ σημαντική εργασία του η οποία γράφτηκε στην αγγλική γλώσσα και η οποία είναι η ακόλουθη:
Final solution to the question of Atlantis
Independent Researcher Australia
Copyright.1991- Revised 2005
Thank you for taking the time to look at this detailed description of
the solution to one of the
Greatest historical mysteries of history.
Firstly may I say that many distinguished and learned people have
contracted a basic structure for a solution to this mystery. Professor
Angelos Galanopoulos, geophysicist and director of the Seismological
institute of the Observatory of Athens, and Edward Bacon, an
archaeological editor, combined their knowledge and put together a
comprehensive study “Atlantis – The Truth Behind The Legend”, published
by Nelson and Sons 1969.
They argue persuasively that the Aegean was the site of Atlantis, and
that Minoan Crete was connected in some way with Atlantis and that “the
island of Santorini (Atlantis) collapsed into the sea in a large
volcanic eruption with side effects which caused such devastation to
Minoan Crete – that this Minoan Empire never recovered.”
We have proof of a cataclysm in the Aegean around 1500 B.C. in which
the powerful Minoan Empire (Atlantean on Crete was destroyed and that
Minoan settlements are found in Santorini and other parts of the
Cyclades which were also destroyed at the same time. This gives us a
definite link between the Cyclades and Minoan Crete (Atlantean Crete).
So now we come to the fresco from Amnisos (Atlantis – The Truth Behind
the Legend p152 –153). To quote (Galanopoulos, Bacon 1969) “A possible
link between Crete and Atlantis lies in one of the frescoes which was
found in the Villa of Amnisos, the port of Knossos”. This shows a
symbol, which signifies sea in a double form, the smaller example
resting immediately above the larger example. Professor Marinatos has
put forward the interesting interpretation that this indicates, “The
Kingdom of the two islands, the major and the minor and this reading
could fit equally Crete and Santorini, or the ancient metropolis and
Royal City of Atlantis”. This fresco should be interpreted in a
different way. I believe the symbol of a fountain, which signifies sea,
should be interpreted as the sea and from the sea come two clusters of
what might be flowers or trees. This representation would more than
likely symbolise the two islands. Another interesting point is that
both these clusters have five branches, Could this be symbolic for “the
five pairs of twins” in the Timaeus and Critias (Bury R.G.) or the ten
kings of Atlantis and the link between the two islands.
The Timaeus and Critias (Bury R.G.) states, “So all these, themselves
and their descendants, dwelt for many generations bearing rule over many
other Islands throughout the sea, and holding sway besides, as was
previously stated, over the Mediterranean peoples as far as Egypt and
Tuscany,” The Aegean would seem to fit this description perfectly.
We have another link to this fresco and Atlantis from the story of
Phaethon “Ovid Metamorphoses (Mary Innes 1955), Book 11 p.50” The suns
Palace was a lofty building with towering columns, bright with
glittering gold and bronze that shone like fire. The roof was covered
with polished ivory, and the double doors reflected the light from their
Their workmanship was even more wonderful than their material, for on
them Mulciber had engraved the seas that hold the earth in their
embrace, the earth itself and the heavens above the earth. The waves
contained the gods of the sea, tuneful Triton, Proteus who has no
settled shape and Aegean supporting himself on two huge whales, his arms
thrown across their backs.
Doris and her daughters were there also, some of them swimming, some
riding fishes, some perched on rocks drying their sea-green hair. They
were not all exactly alike, but there was a resemblance, such as sisters
should have. On the earth, men and cities were to be seen, woods and
wild beasts. Rivers and nymphs and other spirits of the countryside,
‘Above these was a picture of the shining sky, with six signs of the
zodiac on the right hand door, and the same number on the left.’
May I suggest this paragraph and the previous are describing the
temple of Poseidon on Atlantis that is mentioned in the Timaeus and
Critias (Bury R.G.) Paragraph 116 D-E “ and the Temple of Poseidon
himself was a stade in length, three plethora’s in breadth, and of a
height, which appeared symmetrical therewith, and there was something of
the barbaric in its appearance. All the exterior of the Temple they
coated with silver, Note:-(the double doors coated with silver) save
only the pinnacles, and these they coated with gold. As to the
interior, they made the roof all of ivory in appearance, Note: - (the
roof was covered with polished ivory) variegated with gold and silver
and orichalcum, and all the rest of the walls and pillars and floors
they covered with orichalcum”.
Note: - (and bronze that shone like fire) and in the Timaeus and
Critias (Bury R.G) 116 C “orchalcum which sparkled like fire.”
There is no mention anywhere in history of any people using this metal
apart from the Atlanteans in Critias and the story of Phaethon, and I
would state that there could not be much doubt about the description of
the same Temple.
And there is more in the Timaeus and Critias (Bury R.G.) Paragraph 116
D-E “and they placed therein golden statues, one being that of the god,
standing on a chariot and driving six winged steeds, Note: - (Phaethon
drove his fathers chariot through the sky) and round about him a hundred
nereids on dolphins. Note:- (in the first paragraph of Phaethon, “Doris
and her daughters were there also, some of them swimming some riding
fishes) it seems obvious that what was symbolised on the temple door of
the Phaethon is linked to what was inside the temple on Atlantis.
And now we shall look at the link between the fresco of Amnisos and
the two whales, which Aegean supported himself on.
On the temple door of Phaethon (Mary Innes 1955) Aegeon symbolises
one of the gods of the sea, his arms were thrown across their backs, so
he would have to be in the middle of them both in order to have that
stance, so a link is established with the fresco- the sea in the middle
of two objects or islands as we have ascertained previously. Both
roughly the same size, considering the two clusters being roughly the
same size and two huge whales, undoubtedly the same size.
Let us now look at what (Galanopoulos, Bacon 1969) says, (Atlantis
P99) about a landmass that once joined Greece with western Asia Minor.
“In the middle of the Tertiary Era that is about 30,000,000 years ago,
the Greek peninsula, together with the Ionian Islands, western Asia
Minor and the Aegean sea formed one block of land. Immediately after
its formation, a series of faults and trench-like subsidence such as the
tectonic trench between Patras and Corinth, brought about a gradual
breaking up of the Aegis (land mass) accompanied by the subsidence and
upheavals of the fault - blocks “And he goes on to say, “Euboea, Crete,
the Cyclades, the Dodecanese, Chios, Lesbos, the northern and Thracian
Sporades are the surviving parts of the land mass which once joined
Greece to western Asia Minor.
Why is it then not possible that the Cyclades, including Astipalea
were one land mass, an island in the Aegean as late as 1500 B.C> I think
on the geological evidence it is extremely possible and likely and that
this island was destroyed by earthquakes and the massive volcanic
eruptions on the part of the island which is now know as Santorini.
If we join Astipalea with the outer islands of the Cyclades we are
left with an imaginary island that looks something like a whale (Crete
also looks like a whale). This would definitely link the symbol on the
temple door (of the two whales) with the island of Atlantis and Crete.
My conclusion is that the island of Atlantis had the shape of a whale
and that the Cyclades including Astipalea was one body of land up until
the massive destruction caused by earthquakes and volcanic eruptions of
around 1500 B.C.
In the Egyptian book of the Dead (Bunge Wallis E.A. 1895) Chapter CX.
Refers to the soul of Ani travelling to the fields of peace. The
Vignette of the field is roughly on a scale of 2 to 3. In the Timaeus
and Critias (Bury R.G.) the plain of Atlantis is also on a 2 to 3
scale). “The field is surrounded and intersected with streams”.
(Canals) just like in the Timaeus and Critias (Bury R.G.) “ The plain
was completed surrounded by a trench and they also cut cross channels
filled with water from the mountains”.
In this vignette (Bunge Wallis E.A. 1895) Chapter CX there is also
a map of Atlantis and its sister island. (Modern Day Crete) If you
superimpose these islands one on the body of land and water taken up by
the Cyclades and Astipalea, the other on Crete they fit almost perfect
to scale. (Refer Maps) The map of Atlantis has a large river running
through it (Bunge Wallis E.A. 1895) Chapter CX states, “The river is
1000 [Cubits] (Stades?) In its length” If Cubit is wrong and the word is
Stade then it fits the body of land that would be the Cyclades and
Astipalea perfectly and the river would be exactly 200 Kilometres long
as shown on the Egyptian map.
(Bunge Wallis E.A. 1895) Chapter CX also tells us: The space to the
left (on the island) Represents the abode of the blessed dead and is
described as “the seat of the shinning ones”. In the Timaeus and Critias
(Bury R.G.) The walls that surrounded the city were. 1. Veneer of
Bronze (outer wall) 2. Fused with tin (next wall) 3. Wall of the
Acropolis covered in orchalcum (gleaming like fire) 4. In the centre was
shrine surrounded by a wall covered in gold. 5. The Temple of Poseidon
was covered in Silver, all the walls pillars and floors were covered
with orchalcum. It contained many gold statues in and about the temple.
(The Atlantean’s seem to be a fitting Candidate for the shinning ones)
Herodotus (Rawlinson G.) 184-185 “Once more at a distance of ten
days journey there is a salt hill, a spring an inhabited tracks near the
salt is a mountain called ‘Atlas’ very taper and round (Santorini is
called the round one) so lofty more over that the top (it is said)
cannot be seen, the clouds never quitting it. The natives call this
mountain “the pillar of heaven” the ridge itself extends as far as the
Pillars of Hercules. (In the Timaeus and Critias (Bury R.G.) ‘Furthest
part of the island toward the Pillars of Hercules’. Ovid Metamorphoses
(Mary Innes 1955), Book IV p111 “Atlas was changed into a mountain” and
“the whole sky with its many stars rested upon him”.
We have established a link between the story of Atlantis, the story of
Phaethon the Egyptian book of the dead and Herodotus and if we read on
Ovid Metamorphoses (Mary Innes 1955) p55 It gives us a description of
the amount of destruction caused which would be conjucent to what
remains today of the body of land which is known as the Cyclades and
Astipalea to quote Ovid Metamorphoses (Mary Innes 1955) p55 “with all
its moisture dried up it split and cracked in gaping fissures”. And
further on it states “but are trifles to complain of, compared with the
rest. Great Cities perished the walls burned to the ground, and whole
nations with all there different communities were reduced to ashes”.
And further on Ovid Metamorphoses (Mary Innes 1955) p56 “Etnas
(Atlas) flames were redoubled and shot up to immense heights” Ovid
Metamorphoses (Mary Innes 1955) p57 “Everywhere the ground gaped
opened.the seas contracted and an expanse of barren sand appeared where
there had lately been ocean”.
Note: Galanopoulos, Bacon 1969 the sea rushing into the empty
chamber of the volcano would suggest the result of the barren sand.
“Three times Neptune (Poseidon) tried to raise his arms and his grim
countenance above the waters” and in the Timaeus and Critias (Bury R.G.)
“By combination of earthquakes and the third terrible deluge before
that of Deucalion” (Flood) (More than likely there were three tidal
waves) “Three times the fiery air was to much for him”. Also “but when
the goodly earth goddess found herself entirely girdled by waters
between those of the sea and the springs”, “She made everything tremble
with her convulsive shuddering” and “look, see my scorched hair and the
ashes in my eyes covering my face”. (The Ash from the Volcano) and “Why
should the seas, which have fallen by lot to him, contract their waters
and shrink away further from the sky”. (Another example of the volcanic
chamber filling with seawater). Ovid Metamorphoses (Mary Innes 1955)
p58 “See Atlas himself is in difficulties and can scarcely hold up the
glowing sky on his shoulders”. Ovid Metamorphoses (Mary Innes 1955)
p111. Tells us “Atlas was changed into a mountain as huge as the giant
he had been”…. “And the whole sky with its many stars rested upon him”.
We have of a giant mountain on Santorini, possibly called Mount Atlas
3,500 years ago, “If earth and sea and the citadel of heaven perish”,
and “save anything that still survives from the flames”. In these lines
we are told of unprecedented catastrophic disaster, which was caused by
earthquakes, water and volcanic fire, the massive loss of life is
described. Can it then be doubted that the story of Phaethon was written
in a way to explain this catastrophic disaster with a religious aspect
to it by somebody who lived more than 3,500 years ago, who was very
religious or who sought a religious explanation to what was a disaster
so difficult to comprehend even in our time.
There seems top be some illusion that Atlantis was a huge island
continent, and the 60,000 allotments that were approximately ten times
ten stades would seem to confirm this, unless we consider the word
‘allotment’ in this case, to misinterpreted. Galanopoulos, Bacon 1969,
tells us that the plain of Atlantis was only 200x300 stades and not
2000x300 stades as stated in the Critias (Bury R.G.).
So let’s us look at the misinterpretation in the Timaeus and Critias
(Bury R.G.) 119A, which reads “And the size of the allotment was ten
times ten stades, and the total number of all the allotments. Was
60,000” “If we change this to read and the total number of all the
stades. Was 60,000” we have the answer to part of the puzzle of Atlantis
and confirm the size of the plain as been 200x300 stades (200x300 =
60,000 Stades and not allotments). This now gives us 600 allotments and
not 60,000 and a plain that would fit perfectly near or about the middle
of an island of which remain now the Cyclades and Astipalea. Which
leaves Atlantis being a much smaller island a little larger than Crete.
There can be no doubt that the main island which was Atlantis occupied
the area of land that is now known as the Cyclades and Astipalea. The
research that has been documented here which concludes the physical
evidence that is the solution to the question of the enigma that has
Bacon E. Galanopoulos A.G 1969 Atlantis The Truth Behind the Legend
London Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd
Buy R.G Timaeus and Critias Cambridge, Mass Harvard University
Press London William Heinemann Ltd
Innes M. 1955 Ovid Metamorphoses England Penguin Books Ltd
Rawlinson G. 1910 The History of Herodotus London Every Mans
Library J.M. Dent & Sons
Wallis Bunge E.A. 1895 Egyptian book of the Dead New York Dover
Publications (Also from the work originally published in 1895 by order
of the trustees of the British Museum.)
The two islands the bottom one with the river
in the middle
The Plain of Atlantis
Surrounded and intersected by Canals
The two Egyptian Islands super imposed and fit almost
perfect to scale on the Greek Landscape
Remember these maps representation is over 3500 years
Looking at the maps from a different perspective
The yellow line represents the joining of the outer islands
of the Cyclades and Astipalea,and the possible position
of the plain and the city